debt stock.jpg


An increasing cost of capital and limited access to public markets restrict the prospect for efficient sovereign debt issuance in less developed countries - with debt levels close 100% of GDP globally.

built enivornment.jpg

Retrofit and Built Environment

Globally, buildings are a major source of energy consumption and related pollutant emissions. Decarbonising the built environment is a  multi-stakeholder issue which is consistently at the centre of our work with cities and local authorities. 



Energy is the driving force of modern societies and, with the sector contributing to nearly two-thirds of all greenhouse gas emissions, the energy transition is a fundamental response to the climate crisis.



One-third of total urban greenhouse gas emissions in major cities is generated by transport. 


Food & Agriculture

Our current food system and methods of agriculture cannot continue without significant socio-environmental consequences and deepened inequities. 

circular 2_edited.jpg

Circular Economy & Bio-based Construction

It is expected that new construction will cause embodied emissions of over 100 gigatons of carbon by 2060 - total emissions from transport in 2020, were 8 gigatons of carbon.


Nature-based Solutions

Utilising nature effectively to combat the extensive social and environmental challenges faced by society provides elegant solutions to complex issues, while also generating co-benefits. 



There was a 68% decline in species populations among mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and fish from 1970 to 2016.



Overfishing, plastic pollution and other forms of marine degradation are threatening marine ecosystems and essential food systems. 

Wind Turbines

Financing Climate Solutions

Entrepreneurship is a critical tool in the fight against the climate crisis. It is clear that new technologies, business models and market innovation are essential to meet net-zero targets.


Financing Net-zero

Countries and municipalities around the world are developing and refining more ambitious net-zero targets in line with broader global objectives to reduce carbon emissions. 

Cleaning Windows_edited_edited.jpg

Financing a Nature
COVID-19 Response

The impact of COVID-19 will be felt for many years to come in numerous ways. It is imperative that the economic stimulus worth trillions of dollars is utilised to build back better. 

Brainstorming over paper_edited.jpg

Technical Assistance

To respond effectively to the climate crisis. As a not-for-profit, BwB has always emphasized the importance of knowledge sharing, open source dissemination and education.